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A trauma is a situation where blood or other bodily fluids have been released. As there is a high risk of infection from contaminated surfaces, it is essential that professional cleaning is undertaken as soon as possible.
There are strict guidelines and legislation to control the cleaning of crime and trauma scenes designed to ensure the safety of occupants within the property or locality. These extend to strict regulations requiring the disposal of potentially hazardous waste.
Viruses such as Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C and HIV are all transferred via bodily fluids which increases the risk. The treatment of contaminated areas by specialist technicians is the preferred option.
There is a high risk of infection from blood, and it should always be professionally cleaned by trained technicians using specialist chemicals and techniques.
All items should be treated and handled with the same level of care as needles and blades if contaminated with biohazardous materials.
Hepatitis B is an infectious illness caused by Hepatitis B virus (HBV) which infects the liver of humans, and causes an inflammation. Hepatitis B is one of the most common infectious diseases in the world and is passed from one person to the other through body fluids. Hepatitis B infections are either acute or chronic.
Acute infections can last between a few weeks and a few months. It is possible to recover from acute hepatitis B on your own. The infected person can remain healthy without any symptoms while the virus clears from the body. Some will not even know they have been infected. However, until the virus completely gone from the body, it is able to be passed on to others.
Chronic hepatitis B is much more serious; if you contract this strain of the disease it will be with you throughout your life and there is a chance you will go on to develop permanent scarring of the liver, called cirrhosis, and you may eventually develop liver cancer.
Hepatitis C is an infection of the liver caused by the hepatitis C virus. It can cause inflammation and fibrosis of the liver tissue and occasionally significant liver damage. In some cases, those with cirrhosis will go on to develop liver failure or worse complications, including liver cancer or life-threatening oesophageal varices and gastric varices.
Many people do not realise they have been infected with the virus as there are no symptoms. Flu-like symptoms can occur but can easily be mistaken for another illness. An estimated 180 million people worldwide are infected with hepatitis C with an estimated 200,000 to 500,000 people infected in England and Wales.
You can become infected with hepatitis C if you come into contact with the blood or, less commonly, body fluids of an infected person. The hepatitis C virus mutates very easily, which makes it hard to create a vaccine, and the virus has different genetic variants.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus is a lentivirus that causes AIDS, a condition in humans where a weakened immune system allows life-threatening infections and cancers to invade the body.
Through the transfer of blood, semen, vaginal fluid, pre-ejaculate, or breast milk, HIV is able to be passed along to another person. Within these bodily fluids, HIV will be present as both free virus particles and a virus within infected immune cells.
The 1st stage of HIV is known as primary HIV infection. Many people develop symptoms, but might not recognise them.
The symptoms of HIV usually occur 2 to 6 weeks after infected with HIV.
Body fluids are liquids originating from inside the bodies of living humans. They include fluids that are excreted or secreted from the body. Human blood, body fluids, and other body tissues are widely recognised as vehicles for the transmission of human disease.
Bodily fluid includes the following:
Under the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 and the Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations 2002, employers have a legal duty to protect the health and safety of employees and anyone else who may be on the premises.
The clean-up of an incident involving biohazards is down to the person responsible for the premises. If left unattended, bodily fluids such as blood, urine and vomit will often seep into porous materials and areas which are not visible to the untrained eye, making the clean-up extremely difficult and the risk of exposure to infection much greater.
Our team is trained under an extensive programme and has passed an extensive NACSC accredited training programme.
Using advanced decontamination and cleaning techniques we ensure the area is safely disinfected and the removal of dangerous bodily fluid is performed in a controlled and sensitive manner.